England is one constituent country of the United Kingdom. It locates in the west of Wales and in the north of Scotland. The Celtic Sea is to the southwest of England and the Irish Sea is to the northwest. The North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separated England from continental Europe. The country contains five of the North Atlantic island of Great Britain, as well as over 100 smaller islands.
The territory now known as England was originally occupied by modern people during the Upper Paleolithic period. The name of England took its name from the Anglia peninsula after the Angles, a Germanic tribe who migrate around the 5th and 6th centuries. Since the Age of Discovery in the 15th century, when England became a unified state, it has had a substantial legal and cultural impact on the rest of the world.
The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law—the foundation for many other states’ common law legal systems—all arose in England. The parliamentary governmental system of England has been broadly imitated. The Industrial Revolution started in the 18th century in England. It is changing the country into the world’s first industrialized country.
Low hills and plains dominate the landscape of England, particularly in central and southern England. However, in the north, the Lake District and Pennines, and in the west, the Scottish Highlands. There are upland and mountainous areas, like Dartmoor and Shropshire Hills. The capital of the United Kingdom is London, which has the richest metropolitan area in the country.
Population of England
The population of England is 56.3 million people which is 84% of the total population of the United Kingdom. It is largely concentrated across London, the South East, and metropolitan areas in the Midlands. When assessed against international countries, England would be the world’s 25th largest country by population. The people of England are British. According to certain genetic data, 75–95 percent come from prehistoric settlers who initially migrated from the Iberian Peninsula, with a 5% contribution from Angles and Saxons and a large Scandinavian part.
When the Domesday Book was written in 1086, the population of England was 2 million people. Only about 10% of the population resided in urban areas. By 1801, the population had grown to 8.3 million and by 1901, it had grown to 30.5 million. Since 1950, people from other countries in the former British colonies have come to England. In aboard people, the 6 percent of the population in England has ancestors from the Indian subcontinent, primarily India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.