April 14, 2024
World

Ukraine is is the second largest country by area of Europe

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Ukraine is an Eastern European country. It is the 2nd largest country by area of Europe, behind Russia, with which it shares boundaries to the eastern portion. Ukraine shares boundaries in the north with Belarus, on the west with Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary, in the south with Romania and Moldova, and on the sea with the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea. It covers a total area of 603,628 km2. Ukraine is the 8th populous nation in Europe, with a population of 43.6 million people. Kyiv is the capital and largest city of Ukraine country.

Since 32,000 BC, people have lived in the modern-day area of Ukraine state. The area was a major center of East Slavic culture during the Middle Ages, with the loose tribal federation Kievan Rus’ establishing the foundation of Ukrainian identity. After reaching its apogee in the mid-11th century, when it was one of the richest and largest countries in Europe. The progress of Kievan Rus fell until its demise in the 13th century due to the Mongol invasion. The area was fought, divided, and ruled by a variety of nations during the next 600 years, including the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and the Russian Tsardom.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, the Cossack Hetmanate arose and develop. It was eventually divided between Poland and the Russian Empire.

The Bolsheviks forcibly recreated the short-lived state into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, which joined the Soviet Union as a founding member in 1922. Ukraine was the most populated and industrial republic after the Russian Soviet Republic until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 when it regained its sovereignty.

Independence of Ukraine

The Russian Revolution, a Ukrainian national movement for identity arose, and on June 23, 1917, the internationally recognized Ukrainian People’s Republic was established. Ukraine established a unitary republic with a semi-presidential government with a separation of powers between the legislative, executive, and judiciary departments after gaining independence. In 1994, it announced itself a neutral state and formed a significant military collaboration with Russia and other CIS countries, as well as a NATO partnership.

After President Viktor Yanukovych canceled the Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement in favor of deeper trade relationships with Russia in 2013, the Euromaidan erupted, culminating in the Revolution of Dignity, which resulted in Yanukovych’s removal and the formation of a new administration.

These actions set the stage for Russia’s takeover of Crimea in March 2014, as well as the start of the War in Donbas the following month, a long-running struggle with Russian-backed separatists that ended in a Russian invasion in February 2022. Despite the ongoing confrontation with Russia, Ukraine has continued to pursue greater economic, political, and military connections with the West.

Ukraine ranked 74th on the Human Development Index, and is a developing country with a lower-middle-income economy. It has a low life expectancy, a high poverty rate, and a high level of corruption. Ukraine, on the other hand, is one of the world’s top grain producers due to its vast fertile territory.


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