Along with the Indian National Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two major political parties in India. Since 2014, it has been the Republic’s leading political party in India. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is a right-wing party whose policies have traditionally represented Hindu nationalist views.
It is ideologically and structurally linked to the much older Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). However, BJP is the largest party in the country in respect of seats in the national parliament or a state legislature as of February 17, 2022. The Bharatiya Jana Sangh, established in 1951 by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, is the forerunner of the BJP.
Following the announcement of the country of Emergency in 1977. The Jana Sangh combine with a number of other parties to establish the Janata Party, which went on to beat the incumbent Congress party in the 1977 general election. The Janata Party disintegrate in 1980 after three years in power. Although it originally failed, winning only 2 seats in the general election in 1984. The Ram Janmabhoomi tendency helps it grow in strength.
The BJP became the leading party in parliament in the general election of 1996. The victories of the BJP in 1996 in numerous state elections improved results in national elections. Nonetheless, it misses the presence in the lower house and its government survives only 13 days. Integral humanism, first established by Deendayal Upadhyaya in 1965, is the official ideology of the BJP. The party declares its allegiance to Hindutva and its policies have historically followed Hindu nationalist views.
The NDA government of 1998–2004, on the other hand, did not pursue any of these contentious matters. Instead, it emphasizes the most liberal economic strategy that prioritizes globalization. During the Modi-led BJP’s administration, according to the V-Dem Institute, India has experienced democratic backsliding.