A superpower is a country that holds a dominant position in the world. The superpower country can exert significant influence or project power on a global scale. This accomplishes by the use of a combination of economic, military, scientific, political, and cultural might. Superpowers have always dominated the world’s big powers.
During World War II, the term was initially attributed to the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union in 1944. The British Empire fell apart during the period of the Cold War. It left the US and the Soviet Union to rule the world. The United States has become the world’s lone superpower with the end of the Cold War and the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991.
There is no universally accepted definition of what constitutes a superpower, and definitions may range between sources. A nation or state that has mastered the seven elements of state power. The names location, population, economics, resources, military, diplomacy, and regional sovereignty. It is a key trait that is associated with all descriptions of a superpower.
The word was initially used in 1944 to characterize countries with larger than great power status. But it was only after World War II that it came to have a specific connotation in relation to the United States. This was due to the fact that the United States and the Soviet Union had demonstrated their ability to have significant influence in world politics and military power.
New post-war international order in Superpower
In a series of talks on the likely structure of a new post-war international order in 1943, Dutch-American geostrategist Nicholas Spykman invented the phrase in its contemporary political meaning. This laid the groundwork for the book The Geography of Peace, which emphasized the British Empire’s and the United States unrivaled marine global domination as critical to world peace and prosperity.