The United States of America (USA) is a state largely located in North America. It is also called America or US and the United States. There are 50 states, a federal district, 5 major uncontrolled regions, 326 Tribal lands, and a few minor belongings that established the United States of America. It is the world’s 3rd or 4th biggest state by total area, with 3.8 million square miles. The US shares outstanding land frontiers with Canada and Mexico to the north and south, as well as minor marine boundaries with the Bahamas, Cuba, and Russia.
With a population of much more than 331 million persons, it is the 3rd most populated country in the world. Washington, D.C. is the capital of the United States, and New York City is the most popular city. The United States was formed from 13 British colonies established along the East Coast. The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), which earned the nation’s independence, was sparked by disagreements with Great Britain about taxation and political representation.
The United States began spreading across North America in the late 18th century, gradually acquiring additional territories, often by conflict, removing Native Americans, and adding new states; by 1848, the country had covered the continent. Slavery was legal in the southern US till the American Civil War abolished it in the second half of the nineteenth century. The Spanish–American War and World War I formed the United States as a global power, which was reaffirmed by World War II’s outcome. The US fought the Korean War and the Vietnam War during Cold War, but avoided direct military war with the Soviet Union.
The Space Race pitted the two superpowers against each other, culminating in the 1969 voyage that landed people on the Moon for the first time. With the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Cold War came to an end, establishing the United States as the world’s largest lone superpower. The US is a federal state and a democratic republic with 3 branches of government, along with a bicameral system. It belongs to the United Nations, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organization of American States, NATO, and other intergovernmental groups as a co-founder.
It is a full member of the Security Council of the United Nations. Its community has been significantly affected by centuries of immigration, making it a mixing pot of cultures and ethnicity. The United States scores well on worldwide criteria of economic freedom, quality of life, education, and human rights, and it has a low perception of corruption. However, the country has been chastised for racial, wealth, and financial disparities, as well as the usage of capital penalty, rates of incarceration, and a shortage of public healthcare.
The US is a developed nation that contributes to around a quarter of global GDP and is the biggest economy in the world in terms of GDP at current exchange rates. In terms of value, the United States is the world’s largest importer and second-largest exporter of goods. Despite possessing only 4.2% of the world’s population, it controls 29.4% of international wealth, the most of any country.