April 16, 2024

Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey


The Holy Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque is the official title for Hagia Sophia. The Hagia Sophia Museum, previously the Church of Hagia Sophia, is a Late Antique hall of worshiping in Istanbul, constructed by Greek geometers Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. It was the biggest Church in the eastern Roman Empire. The Eastern Orthodox Church, even during the Latin Empire from 1204 to 1261, that it became the town’s Latin Catholic temple. It constructs in 537 as the paternalistic cathedral of the old empire of Constantinople. Hagia Sophia change into a mosque in 1453, when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Empire. It was declared a museum by the secular Republic of Turkey in 1935. It was rebuilt as a mosque in 2020.

Built around 532 and 537 by the eastern Roman emperor Justinian I as the Christian temple of Constantinople for the Roman Empire’s state church. The building was the largest internal area in the world at the time. One of the first to use a full pendentive roof. It believes to have “transferred the history of architecture” and is regarded as the epitome of Byzantine architecture.

The current Justinian construction was the third with the same name to be built on the site. After the previous one demolishes during the Nika riots. It was the world’s greatest cathedral for about a thousand years. Until Seville Cathedral finishes in 1520, as the metropolitan see of the imperial patriarch of Constantinople. Hagia Sophia became the quintessential Orthodox Church design. The type of architecture was replicated by Ottoman mosques a thousand years later. It started with succeeding Byzantine architecture. It has been regarded as an architectural and cultural emblem of Byzantine and Eastern Orthodox civilization, “having a unique status in the Christian world.”

Hagia Sophia Change into Mosque

Mehmed the Conqueror change it into a mosque after Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1453. The patriarchate shifted to the Holy Apostles Church, which later became the city’s cathedral. Despite the fact that other portions of the city had gone into disrepair. The cathedral had been kept in good shape thanks to money set aside for this reason. However, the Christian cathedral made a significant impact on the new Empire and envisioned its conversion.

The relic is damaged and the bells, altar, iconostasis, ambo, and the church were also demolished. The mosaics of Jesus, Mary, Christian saints, and wings are completely obliterated or covered over. A minibar, four minarets, and a mihrab a niche denoting the location of prayer were erected as Architectural style characteristics (qibla).

From the time of its transformation until the building of the neighboring Sultan Ahmed Mosque in 1616. Sultan Ahmed Mosque was the main mosque of Istanbul (the Blue Mosque). The Hagia Sophia, as well as the Hagia Sophia in Thessaloniki, Panagia Ekatontapiliani, the shade Mosque, the Suleymaniye Mosque, the Rustem Pasha Mosque, and the Klç Ali Pasha Complex, were all inspired by the Byzantine architecture of the Hagia Sophia.

The mosque was open to the public until 1931 when it was locked for 4 years. Under the secular Republic of Turkey, it dedicates in 1935 as a museum. Hagia Sophia was the most frequently popular tourist destination in Turkey in 2015 and 2019, according to figures given by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.


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